The Cane Corso Mastiff is an ancient Italian versatile farm and hunting dog. Dogs which resemble the Cane Corso in murals, painting, and ancient manuscripts referred to as the Cane Corso since Roman times. For centuries Corsos were all around farm dogs and large game hunters. The average farmer needed the Corso to herd semi wild cattle, pigs, and goats for them. They were also used to provide protection over the livestock and property from poachers or predators. Corsos were also prized scent hunters and course down large game. Until 1988 the Cane Corso was still used only for isolated farmers various use. Many historians and breed fanciers believe the ancient dogs depicted in the ancient murals and manuscripts from centuries ago still remain a pure unspoiled breed maintained on isolated Italian farms.
The Cane Corso Mastiff is strongly devoted to its family and they are usually Velcro type of dogs. They want to be close to their owners and will often follow them around the house or yard. They will give themselves completely to their owners but will typically remain aloof and suspicious of strangers. The Cane Corsos are still a more primitive working protection type of breed. This makes them very intuitive to even the most minor changes in their environment. A Cane Corso may bark & react cautiously at furniture moved out of place or new foreign object placed in the room.
Male vs Female
The question of getting a male or a female is one that needs to be given due consideration. If you already have a dog and are looking to add a Corso to your family, it is always recommended you add one of the opposite sex of the current dog in your household.
Corsos tend to do better with dogs of the opposite sex due to their dominant nature. This is not to say that two females will not get along, only that you have better odds with male/female than those of the same sex. It is also important to take into consideration your current dogs’ temperament when looking into getting another dog. If you have a very dominant dog (regardless of male or female), you should look for a pup with a more submissive or subordinate temperament. Do not assume that the first dog there will always be "top dog". Once old enough, the typical Corso will attempt to take over alpha position in the pack and it is best to be prepared for this in advance.
The following information highlights some of the differences between males and females of this breed. Keep in mind there are always exceptions to the rule. Males are slower to mature, usually not reaching their final size until about 3 years. Intact males tend to wander while searching for females in heat and to mark every object in their territory. Neutering at a young age will lessen territorial behavior/aggression or any behavior that is hormone related. Due to their dominant nature, the male Corso does not typically do well with other male dogs. If the other dog is dominant and does not submit, the outcome is usually a fur-flying brawl. As with most breeds, females tend to be smaller than males. They too tend to possess a dominant temperament. They may have same sex aggression (much like males) but tend to be more accepting of other females (where males usually aren't towards other males). The female Corso has less dewlap and is usually dryer around the mouth. If spaying is not in your plans, then special consideration will have to be given 2 to 3 times a year during her heat cycles. This lifestyle-altering event can last up to 3 weeks and can be quite a mess when dealing with a 100-pound dog. The Cane Corso is equally affectionate, athletic, and intelligent whether male or female. Both mature to be discerning guardians of their family, even after spaying or neutering. Whichever you choose, you will need to put in the same amount of time and work when socializing & training. Both are formidable companions and your choice should be made on your current household situation (i.e., other pets, size allowance, etc.) and preference.